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International Council of Museums (ICOM) [FR] [NGO Section Data]
Conseil international des musées
Consejo Internacional de Museos
Internationaler Museumsrat

Contact Details
Main address: Dir-Gen: Ms Hanna Pennock, Maison de l'UNESCO, 1 rue Miollis, F-75732 CEDEX 15, Paris, France, Tel: (33 1) 47 34 05 00, Fax: (33 1) 43 06 78 62, E-mail: secretariat (at) icom.museum

Pres: Dr Hans Martin Hinz, Maison de l'UNESCO, 1 rue Miollis, F-75732 CEDEX 15, Paris, France

URL: http://icom.museum/

Aims
As the international organization of museums and museum professionals, promote conservation, continuation and communication to society of the world's natural and cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible; ensure conservation and protection of cultural goods; establish standards of excellence in design, management and collections organization.
Official Relations
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)* (Ros C); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)* (Associate Status); World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)* (Observer Status).
Activities
Provides services and technical assistance to UNESCO and its member states through expert missions, planning of museums, organization of meetings and preparation of publications.

'National Committees' provide the principal instrument of communication between ICOM and its members and organize international exchange programmes.

'International Committees' (31, meeting annually) represent different types of museum or particular disciplines and carry out ICOM's major objectives: exchange of scientific information at international level; drawing up of professional standards; adoption of rules and recommendations; realization of joint projects. They are:

 • ICOM International Committee for Architecture and Museum Techniques (ICAMT)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Audiovisual and New Technologies of Image and Sound (AVICOM)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Collecting (COMCOL)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for the Collections and Activities of Museums of Cities (CAMOC)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Conservation (ICOM-CC)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Documentation (CIDOC)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Education and Cultural Action (CECA)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Egyptology (CIPEG)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Exhibition Exchange (ICEE)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Historic House Museums (DEMHIST)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Literary Museums (ICLM)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Marketing and Public Relations (MPR)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Money and Banking Museums (ICOMON)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museology (ICOFOM)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museum Management (INTERCOM)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museum Security (ICMS)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Archaeology and History (ICMAH)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Costume*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Ethnography (ICME)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Glass*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Natural History (ICOM NATHIST)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Museums and Collections of Science and Technology (CIMUSET)*;

 • ICOM International Committee of Musical Instrument Museums and Collections (CIMCIM)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for Regional Museums (ICR)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for the Training of Personnel (ICTOP)*;

 • ICOM International Committee for University Museums and Collections (UMAC)*;

 • International Committee of ICOM for Museums and Collections of Modern Art (CIMAM)*;

 • International Committee of Memorial Museums for the Remembrance of Victims of Public Crimes (IC MEMO)*;

 • International Committee of Museums and Collections of Arms and Military History (ICOMAM)*;

 • International Committee for Museums and Collections of Decorative Arts and Design (ICDAD)*;

 • International Committee for Museums and Collections of Fine Arts (ICFA)*.

'Regional Alliances' (5):

 • ICOM Regional Alliance for South East Europe (ICOM SEE)*; ICOM Regional Alliance for Arab Countries (ICOM-ARAB)*; ICOM Asia-Pacific Regional Alliance (ICOM-ASPAC)*; ICOM European Regional Alliance (ICOM-Europe)*; ICOM Latin American and Caribbean Regional Alliance (ICOM-LAC)*.

Publications
ICOM News (4 a year) in English, French, Spanish. Conference proceedings; technical books and brochures; reports and papers on museums.
Members
Categories: Individual; Institutional; Supporting; Honorary. National Committees in 117 countries:

 • Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

 • Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).

 • Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Iran - Islamic Republic of, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Viet Nam.

 • Australia, New Zealand.

 • Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Ukraine.

International Affiliated Organizations (16):

 • Association of European Open Air Museums (AEOM)*;

 • International Association of Agricultural Museums (AIMA)*;

 • Commonwealth Association of Museums (CAM)*;

 • International Association of Archaeological Open-Air Museums and Experimental Archaeology, or EXARC*;

 • Hands On ! International Association of Children's Museums (HO!I)*;

 • International Association of Customs Museums (IACM)*;

 • International Association of Museum Facility Administrators (IAMFA)*;

 • International Association of Museums of History (IAMH)*;

 • International Association of Transport and Communications Museums (IATM)*;

 • International Confederation of Architectural Museums (ICAM)*;

 • International Congress of Maritime Museums (ICMM)*;

 • International Council of African Museums (AFRICOM)*;

 • International Movement for a New Museology (MINOM)*;

 • Museums Association of the Caribbean (MAC)*;

 • Pacific Island Museums Association (PIMA)*;

 • International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts (SIBMAS)*.

UNESCO NGO Section Data

Type of Relation with UNESCOAssociate Status
Admission Date1949
Reclassification date1996
Programme sector: EDNo
Programme sector: SCNo
Programme sector: SHSNo
Programme sector: CLTYes
Programme sector: CIINo
Programme sector: BSPNo
Programme sector: AFRNo
Name and contact details of NGO focal point at UNESCOM. Poussin Georges
CLT/ACE/CES
g.poussin@unesco.org
History1946 Creation in Paris 1948 Agreement 1962 Category A 1996 Formal Associate Relations (149 EX/ONG.2) (149 EX/Dec. 7.3) 1996-2001 Framework Agreement 2001 Renewal of formal associate relations (162 EX/43) (162 EX/Dec.8.4) 2001 Renewal of the framework agreement for the period of the Medium-Term Strategy for 2002-2007 (162 EX/43) (162 EX/Dec.8.4) 2008 Renewal of formal association relations for a new six-year period (179 EX/35) (179 EX/Dec.35)
Contribution to UNESCO's programmes Evaluation 2008: Over the last six years (2002-2007), ICOM has collaborated with UNESCO in the implementation of many activities, some of which are mentioned below (a complete report is available on request). These activities fall into five categories: the fight against trafficking in cultural property; risk management; protection of the intangible heritage; development of regional and national museums; and administration of the UNESCO-ICOM Museum Information Centre. The fight against trafficking: protecting the cultural heritage of Afghanistan. Working with UNESCO and Interpol to prepare a communiqué on basic actions concerning cultural objects being offered for sale over the Internet. Risk management: the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) seeks to protect the world cultural heritage by coordinating action to prevent and respond to emergency situations. Protection of the intangible heritage: evaluation of candidature files submitted by the Member States of UNESCO for selection as one of the masterpieces of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity proclaimed by UNESCO. Development of regional and national museums: capacity-building for museum professionals in Arab States. As part of UNESCO’s International Campaign for the Establishment of the Nubia Museum in Aswan and the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo, ICOM contributed significantly to completing the training of museum management staff. Programme for Iraq: development of a four-point programme to aid Iraqi museums and museum professionals. Training workshop in the principles of museology for Ethiopian museum professionals. Administration of the UNESCO-ICOM Museum Information Centre: ICOM continues to enrich its monographs and periodicals and to develop its database. ICOM has helped consolidate the programme of the Section of Museums and Cultural Objects, particularly through the promotion and development of museums and museum-related professions at the international level, and the drafting of conventions. ICOM is a key partner for museums in terms of international cooperation to preserve and develop the cultural heritage. The development of ommunication technologies and growing threats to the heritage make it necessary to strengthen the institutions that work to protect it. It is also important to ensure easy access to scientific and technical documentation on movable property. The Culture Sector sees the need for closer cooperation between NGOs (ICOMOS and ICOM) and IGOs (UNESCO and ICCROM), especially in cases of crisis or conflict during which cultural heritage is often a target. The Sector therefore fully endorses the renewal of formal associate relations with ICOM.
Previous evaluation made by Programme sector concerned Evaluation 2001: Follows UNESCO’s commitment and overall approach to the safeguarding of monuments and sites, and it participates in drawing up international guidelines and standards, developing professional networks and preserving the heritage in the context of socio-economic development. Fondation of the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) in 1996 with ICOMOS (museums), IFLA (libraries) and ICA (archives) to provide authorities and professionals with expertise and networks in the case of armed conflict or natural disasters that could affect cultural heritage. The quarterly review Museum International is based on the expertise and the contributions on the ICOM professional network to sensitize and inform the community of museums, the decision makers and the representatives of the Member States of the Organization to the principles of UNESCO for the cultural heritage preservation.
Keywords Art,Conservation,Preventive conservation,Inventories,Museum,Standards,Cultural Heritage,Illicit Traffic in cultural properties

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